Gasification/Syngas

Gasification can produce several useful outputs – either syngas or bio-chemicals. Whatever the output, the syngas generated must be analysed: either to adhere to Ofgem incentive schemes or calculate volumes.

What is biomass gasification?

Biomass is a renewable, organic resource made up of agricultural crop residues, solid municipal waste, animal waste, and forest residues.

Gasification works by converting biomass or organic materials into Syngas (or synthesis gas) – comprised of a mixture of hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. High temperature chambers heat the biomass and the syngas siphoned off.

What is syngas used for?

Biomass gasification is useful as it allows for the conversion of a variety biomass feedstocks, for example wood chips, into a more useful gaseous fuel source.

Typically, the resulting Syngas from gasification will be fed into a CHP engine to provide electricity and heat. However, large-scale syngas sites may also choose to use the product for other applications such as synthesising diesel fuel and Hydrogen production.

Why Gas Data instruments?

The Ofgem incentive programmes are part of the UK’s push to generate electricity from renewable sources. In order to qualify, syngas production must comply with rules surrounding the biomass of the gasification stock. Anywhere with biomass stock can set up a gasifier and start generating electricity using syngas.

Gas Data equipment analyses syngas composition before it is fed into a generator, as stipulated by the Non-Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI). In order to qualify for the incentive scheme, syngas must have a minimum Gross Calorific Value (GCV) of 2MJ/m3. Gas Data syngas analysers calculates GCV on the user’s behalf, ensuring accurate results are sent to Ofgem.

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